Konference | Raziskovalna skupina

Konferenca “Understanding causes and consequences of criminalization of migration”

"Understanding causes and consequences of criminalization of migration"

dr. Tjaša Učakar in dr. Jože Vogrinc sta se udeležila mednarodne znanstvene konference z naslovom “Understanding causes and consequences of criminalization of migration”, ki je potekala v organizaciji Mirovnega inštituta v Ljubljani 17. in 18. maja 2018. dr. Tjaša Učakar je tam predstavila svoj prispevek z naslovom “The rhetoric of European migration policy and its role in criminalization of migration”, dr. Jože Vogrinc pa v soavtorstvu z Rokom Smrdeljem prisepvek z naslovom “Objectification of migrants in TV news discourse”.



The rhetoric of European migration policy and its role in criminalization of migration – abstract:

European migration policy frames migration predominantly as a securitarian issue and thus pictures migrants as a threat to the established order of the EU. Even though the most recent documents use a more liberal and humane rhetoric, the basic assumptions about migration don’t change, but are getting more difficult to recognise. My contribution shows how the European migration policy has undergone some discursive changes since the pre-Maastricht period until today. Whereas the softening of discourse doesn’t lead to less restrictive measures of the migration policy, it does establish a novel field for the production of foreignness and for the discursive (and ensuing legal and political) delineation of membership and belonging of migrants in the EU. The discursive shifts, mainly through the widening of themes and terminology, and through integration of new sensitivities show a picture of greater liberalism and humanitarianism, but don’t change the hierarchy of fundamental values, since all novel themes remain subordinate to the securitarian aspects. These developments are important, since it is getting more and more challenging to detect and point out repression and exclusion, marginalization and criminalization of migrants within this novel filed of political discourse, which is characterised not only by repressive aspects of power, but also by affirmative discourses of fundamental European values, protection of human lives, humanity and humanitarianism.


Objectification of migrants in TV news discourse – abstract:

The paper is a preliminary sum of results of the detailed research of how TV Slovenija, Slovenian public TV, in its daily news bulletin reported about migrants or refugees trying to reach Western Europe across Balkan borders. It is focused on the period from summer 2015 until the beginning of 2016, the crucial period when the current handling of ‘refugee crisis’ by EU and Turkey precipitated and when also the current regime of representation of the people in question in media was established. The aim of the paper is not only to present a case of how an important opinion maker like TV Slovenija negotiates political pressure from European and Slovenian politics in its attitude to migrants/refugees but primarily to focus on particular practices of reporting to show how they direct TV news viewers to reading and understanding the ‘refugee crisis’. While the topical frame of discussion of refugees shifted from humanitarian concerns to national security, specifically televisual practices of reporting on the day-to-day existence of the people stuck along the paths of passage and points of control of their movement gradually established patterns of visual presentation in which refugees became a silent object of control and care, a mute object of speaking about them by media, politicians, police and caretakers, practically never given a chance to speak for themselves in their own name. Such a regime of TV reporting can be accepted by silent majority and anti-refugee chauvinism, as well as by humanitarians, as long as it frames migrants/refugees as willing objects of ‘our’ concerns ‘about’ them. Instead of humanitarian framing of a whole population as passive victims, media should shift their attention to enabling victims to actively voice and articulate their social and political needs, concerns, and demands.


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